Developing Cultural Competence Through Cultural Consciousness (Part 3)
by Nia Imani Williams, Music Therapy InternRead Part 1 of Developing Cultural Competence Through Cultural Consciousness by Nia Imani Williams, Music Therapy Intern Read Part 2 of Developing Cultural Competence Through Cultural Consciousness by Nia Imani Williams, Music Therapy Intern Welcome to Part 3 of our series on cultural competence in music therapy. We’re jumping back into some interviews.
As a reminder, here are the questions that interviewees were asked:
- What is your denominational background?
- What type of music have you been exposed to in church?
- Have you ever heard or sung traitional hymns in your church?
- What element of church music gets your attetion? (i.e. lyrics, instrumentation, rhythm, etc).
- What is your opinion/feeling toward traditional hymns? Toward modernized gospel?
Note: Names of all individuals have been changed to maintain confidentiality.
Generation X (39 – 54 years old): Jaques
On music exposure in church
Jacques, a fifty-two-year-old pastor with Methodist denominational background, relayed his thoughts on the depth of hymns. Having grown up listening to hymns as a child and teenager, he expressed his appreciation of the genre (personal communication, November 9, 2020):
“[Hymns] [speak] to the soul of a person striving to do, and be, all they can in this life of challenges, joy, pain, liberation, and of death … Hymns can sometimes calm you – well they can, all the time, calm you – and they can also remind of that one thing greater than you which then connects you to the liberating side of that one thing … which then connects you to a new understanding of yourself and the situation.” – Jacques
On the shift from hymns to modern gospel
Jacques expressed a need for balance between the use of hymns and modern gospel music in the church. In his view, millennials and subsequent generations deserve to know and should be able to experience the richness of hymns especially considering the fact that modern gospel has become sensationalized. As he stated, “just because you throw a name (Jesus) in there, doesn’t mean it has a message” (personal communication, November 9, 2020). The depth of the lyrics of modern gospel have become clouded by the sensationalism of ‘performances’ rather than reinforced by deep conviction, and singing from one’s core (Jacques A., personal communication, November 9, 2020).
Millennial (23 – 38 years old) + Generation Z (7 – 22 years old): Ava & Betty
On music exposure in church
A nondenominational millennial, Ava expressed appreciation for the simplicity and organized structure of hymns, having been raised from a Baptist denominational background: “It’s more organized, is easier to follow, it’s repetitive…And you can do whatever you want to. It’s like, you can even take it out of time.You can just be creative with it so I like it” (Ava A., personal communication, November 5, 2020).
Betty, the Generation Z participant, also conveyed an affection for hymns: “I [love] the music [of]…the old school” (personal communication, November 5, 2020). However, while she is more drawn to the modern gospel, she can appreciate hymns as well – it all depends on the instrumentation.
On attention-grabbing aspects of church music & stylistic preferences
For Ava and Betty, the energy and instrumentation of modern gospel makes this subgenre more appealing. Both referenced an adrenaline rush that accompanies the style versus that of hymns. In the words of Ava, “[the energy of modern gospel] really gets you going real fast. It’s real hype” (personal communication, November 5, 2020). It is the instrumentation that plays a significant role in the delivery and receiving of the message within the lyrics.
Both ladies expressed a wish for balance between older hymns and modern gospel in today’s black churches. Ava elaborated on her viewpoint: if people would translate the atmosphere of hymns–ushering in the Holy Spirit–and apply it to modern gospel-singing, “it wouldn’t matter who’s on the stage, the Lord would just flow” (personal communication, November 5, 2020).
Although a very small sample size, I was surprised how everyone’s responses differed from my preconceived notions and expectations about generational church music preferences. It was interesting to see a few areas of commonality. One example of this is the appreciation that the older participants had toward modern gospel, as well as the respect expressed by the Millennial and Gen Z interviewees toward older hymns. Also, I learned how overall instrumentation could play a role in reception of older hymns for the younger generations and reception of modern gospel for older generations. Personally, I could see myself refining this into a bigger study in the future.
The process of becoming culturally competent–as people and as music therapists–seems like a daunting task. However, we can begin our journey by developing this self-awareness and looking within–examining how our own cultures shape us. Becoming culturally competent relies on our ability to first develop cultural consciousness. From there, we can learn, grow, and change for the better.
“Complete cultural competence can never be fully attained; rather, it is a lifelong process of learning, growing, and changing.”
de Guzman, M. R. T., Durden, T. R., Taylor, S. A., Guzman, J. M., & Potthoff, K. L. (2016). Cultural competence: An important skill set for the 21st century. University of Nebraska Lincoln Extension, University of Nebraska. https://extensionpublications.unl.edu/assets/html/g1375/build/g1375.htm
Kim, S-A. & Whitehead-Pleaux, A. (2015). Music therapy and cultural diversity. Faculty Works: Music Therapy. Music Therapy Commons, 55. https://digitalcommons.molloy.edu/mustherapy_fac/9